This research seeks to find out the connection between psychosis and ego according to Freud and Lacan theories of psychosis. Freud describes psychosis as a form of primary narcissism. He argues that the psychotic withdraws his energy from the objects as well as things and redirects it to his ego. Then, the ego goes ahead to project these rejected ideas outside itself to an extent that the ego fails to recognize as ever having. On other hand, Lacan derives his foreclosure concept about psychosis from Freud’s concept of projection. According to Lacan, foreclosure is viewed as the defining structure of psychosis. Foreclosure is defined as a primordial defense because it does not act upon a signifier that already exists or is inscribed within a chain of signifiers. Rather, it rejects the inscription.
In order to answer the principal question, the study conducted a literature review of the published materials. Most of these materials were selected through searches conducted on the internet using terms that match the study. The materials used were related to the theories of Freud and Lacan on psychosis and psychoanalysis. The materials were selected from some of the online web catalogues that host scholarly articles including WEBCOHOST and PUBMED.
From the search terms used, several articles were identified that were then chosen based on their relevance to the topic
Summary of results
According to the literature reviewed, Freud sees psychosis to be brought about by rejected libido that is directed to the ego. The ego projects the rejected ideas outside of itself and to the person it seems that ego does not exist since the ego fails to recognize the rejected ideas. The psychotic delusions or hallucinations irrupt from outside the rejected ideas that go back to the ego. On the other hand, psychosis delusions such as hallucinations come from foreclosure such if a name is suppressed, it will come back later in forms of hallucinations.
Therefore, psychosis does present an ego collapse where the ego is not able to recognize some of the rejected ideas and behaves as if such rejected ideas have not been there. Projections and foreclosure are forms of defense according to Freud and Lacan
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